Bladder Muscles Not Contracting

April 23, 2023

Bladder Muscles Not Contracting: Causes and Treatment Options

The bladder is an essential organ in the body that holds and expels urine from the body. The muscles in the bladder are responsible for contracting and relaxing to facilitate the release of urine. However, when the bladder muscles are not contracting as they should, it leads to problems such as urinary retention, incontinence, and bladder infections. In this article, we will discuss the causes and treatment options for bladder muscles not contracting.

Causes of Bladder Muscles Not Contracting

There are several reasons why the bladder muscles may not be contracting as they should. Here are some of the common causes:

1. Nerve Damage: The nerves that control the contraction and relaxation of the bladder muscles may get damaged due to conditions such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord injuries.

2. Medications: Certain medications used to treat conditions such as depression, hypertension, and urinary incontinence can affect bladder muscle function.

3. Age: As we age, the muscles in the bladder may weaken, leading to problems with bladder control.

4. Infection: Bladder infections can cause inflammation and irritation, which can affect the bladder muscle`s ability to contract.

Treatment Options for Bladder Muscles Not Contracting

The treatment options for bladder muscles not contracting will depend on the underlying cause of the problem. Here are some of the treatment options:

1. Medications: Medications that help to relax the bladder muscles can be prescribed to help with urinary retention and incontinence. These medications include anticholinergics and beta-3 agonists.

2. Nerve Stimulation: Electrical stimulation of the nerves that control bladder function can help to improve the muscle`s ability to contract and relax.

3. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be required to improve bladder muscle function. This may involve implanting a device that sends electrical signals to the bladder muscles or repairing a damaged nerve.

4. Lifestyle Changes: Simple lifestyle changes such as drinking plenty of water, avoiding caffeinated and alcoholic beverages, and practicing pelvic floor exercises can help to improve bladder muscle function.


Bladder muscles not contracting is a common problem that can lead to several complications. It is essential to identify the underlying cause of the problem and seek appropriate treatment to improve bladder muscle function and overall quality of life. If you are experiencing problems with bladder control, speak to your healthcare provider for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.